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University of Kentucky
University of Kentucky
Biological Systems Engineering
University of California, Davis
The defined research program focuses on production of bio-based products, such as enzymes, biochemicals, and biofuels from agro-industrial residues and dedicated biomass crops. Several areas make up the program to address the diversity of renewable resources available and various processing methods that can be applied to generate products and enhance value: --Semi-solid fermentation technology, including solid substrate cultivation and liquid cultivations using solid carbon sources --Enzymatic conversion methods and fermentation for development of effective biomass conversion processes --Hybrid application of thermal and microbial conversion technologies for biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass --Solvent extraction processes are also being investigated for biomass materials that contain natural colorants, nutraceuticals and other high value compounds. Integrated processing systems, linking crop production and storage practices to development of conversion technology, analytical methods and process model evaluation The projects and activities in these areas have evolved over time, yet the primary goal of establishing functional uses of renewable materials suited to NC for industrial bioproducts that promote sustainability and enhance rural development has remained the same. The biomass studied includes sugar, starch and lignocellulosic crops with divisions of the program developing strongly around sweet sorghum, industrial sweetpotatoes (ISP), perennial grasses, oil seeds, and single carbon gases derived from lignocellulosic materials. The research approach involves both basic and applied objectives, leading to development of processes at various scales, lab to industrial, that often integrate multiple operations within a given system. The program incorporates research direction for and scholarly contributions from research associates, post-docs, graduate students and undergraduate researchers. Education and outreach activities to disseminate advances in the research are also efforts integrated into the program.
Honors and Awards
- ASABE A. W Farrall Young Educator Award, 2011
- Evidence of mixotrophic carbon-capture by n-butanol-producer Clostridium beijerinckii
- Sandoval-Espinola, W. J., Chinn, M. S., Thon, M. R., & Bruno-Barcena, J. M. (2017), Scientific Reports, 7.
- Improvement of acid hydrolysis procedures for the composition analysis of herbaceous biomass
- Whitfield, M. B., Chinn, M. S., & Veal, M. W. (2016), Energy & Fuels, 30(10), 8260-8269.
- Inoculum optimization of Clostridium beijerinckii for reproducible growth
- Sandoval-Espinola, W. J., Chinn, M., & Bruno-Barcena, J. M. (2015), FEMS Microbiology Letters, 362(19).
- Metabolic response of Clostridium ljungdahlii to oxygen exposure
- Whitham, J. M., Tirado-Acevedo, O., Chinn, M. S., Pawlak, J. J., & Grunden, A. M. (2015), Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 81(24), 8379-8391.
- Recommendations to mitigate potential sources of error in preparation of biomass sorghum samples for compositional analyses used in industrial and forage applications
- Whitfield, M. B., Chinn, M. S., & Veal, M. W. (2014), Bioenergy Research, 7(4), 1561-1570.
- Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of industrial sweetpotatoes for ethanol production and anthocyanins extraction
- Diaz, J. T., Chinn, M. S., & Truong, V. D. (2014), Industrial Crops and Products, 62, 53-60.
- Interactions between fungal growth, substrate utilization, and enzyme production during solid substrate cultivation of Phanerochaete chrysosporium on cotton stalks
- Shi, J., Chinn, M. S., & Sharma-Shivappa, R. R. (2014), Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, 37(12), 2463-2473.
- The farm to biorefinery continuum: A techno-economic and LCA analysis of ethanol production from sweet sorghum juice
- Caffrey, K. R., Veal, M. W., & Chinn, M. S. (2014), Agricultural Systems, 130, 55-66.
- Development of NIRS models to predict composition of enzymatically processed sweetpotato
- Diaz, J. T., Veal, M. W., & Chinn, M. S. (2014), Industrial Crops and Products, 59, 119-124.
- Comparative phenotypic analysis and genome sequence of Clostridium beijerinckii SA-1, an offspring of NCIMB 8052
- Sandoval-Espinola, W. J., Makwana, S. T., Chinn, M. S., Thon, M. R., Azcarate-Peril, M. A., & Bruno-Barcena, J. M. (2013), Microbiology (Reading, England), 159, 2558-2570.
- A Study to Determine if the Biofuel Crop Camelina is a Wildlife Attractant (Phase II)
- NC Department of Transportation(8/01/17 - 12/31/19)
- Nutrient Dynamics and Production of Bioenergy Crops in Swine Effluent Sprayfields in North Carolina 2016-2017
- NC Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services(11/30/-1 - 12/31/17)
- Biomass Sorghum Variety Evaluation
- NC Biotechnology Center(5/01/16 - 11/30/16)
- Nutrient Dynamics and Production of Bioenergy Crops in Swine Effluent Sprayfields in North Carolina 2015-2016
- NC Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services(1/01/16 - 2/28/17)
- Mid-Atlantic Biomass Sorghum Collaborative
- US Dept. of Agriculture (USDA) - National Institute of Food and Agriculture(11/30/-1 - 8/31/19)
- Ensilage Technologies as Harvest Management Strategies for Bioenergy Feedstocks
- NC Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services(1/01/15 - 8/31/17)
- Nutrient Dynamics and Production of Bioenergy Crops in Swine Effluent Sprayfields in North Carolina
- NC Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services(11/01/14 - 3/31/16)
- A Study to Determine if the Biofuel Crop Camelina is a Wildlife Attractant
- NC Department of Transportation(8/15/14 - 7/31/17)
- Production and Nutrient Dynamics of Bioenergy Crops on Swine Effluent Sprayfields in North Carolina
- NC Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services(4/01/14 - 2/28/15)
- Rapid Quantification of Natural Products by NIR Methods and Characterization of Marketable Co-Products: Applications in Clary Sage Sage
- AVOCA, Inc.(1/01/14 - 12/31/15)