Jay Cheng


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Jay J. Cheng is a Professor of Biological and Environmental Engineering at North Carolina State University. He works in the area of environmental engineering & bioenergy processes and his primary focus is on research and teaching.

His research and grants investigate bioenergy processes and waste treatments. Cheng’s publication record has resulted in over 85 articles in refereed scientific journals, and more than 90 papers in national and international technical conferences. He is the editor of “Biomass to Renewable Energy Processes” a book published in 2010 and considered a standard reference and textbook in the area of bioenergy.

Cheng research program is well funded having secured over 6 million dollars as the principal investigator or co-investigator for 33 research projects. His program centers on international research collaborations demonstrated by over 65 key-note speeches and seminars in the US, China, Europe, Japan, and South America. He has served as an Associate Editor for the Journal of Environmental Engineering and is the present associate editor of the Journal of (Chinese) Biology. He has served on more than 25 national and international professional committees and is well recognized for his research work.

In addition to his research program Cheng teaches a course in “Biomass to Renewable Energy Processes” and he has mentored 24 graduate students. Cheng is an associate faculty member of NCSU Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering and an adjunct faculty member of the Peking University –School of Environment and Energy in Shenzhen, China.

Cheng is a member of the American Society of Biological and Agricultural Engineers (ASABE), International Water Association (IWA), Water Environment Federation (WEF), Association of Overseas Chinese Agricultural, Biological, and Food Engineers (AOC), and Chinese Association for Science and Technology in USA (CAST-USA).


Ph.D. 1996

Environmental Engineering

University of Cincinnati

M.S. 1987

Biological Engineering

St. Cyril & Methodius University

B.S. 1982

Chemical Engineering

Jiangxi Institute of Technology, Nanchang, China

Research Description

Bioenergy processes and waste treatments


Catalytic activity and reaction mechanisms of single-atom metals anchored on nitrogen-doped carbons for peroxymonosulfate activation
Wu, S., Yang, Z., Zhou, Z., Li, X., Lin, Y., Cheng, J. J., & Yang, C. (2023), JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, 459. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2023.132133
Chitosan-Fe3O4 composites enhance anaerobic digestion of liquor wastewater under acidic stress
Nie, W., Lin, Y., Wu, X., Wu, S., Li, X., Cheng, J. J., & Yang, C. (2023), BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, 377. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2023.128927
Combined effects of oxytetracycline concentration and organic loading rate on semi-continuous anaerobic digestion of swine wastewater
Huang, Z., Niu, Q., Nie, W., Lin, Y., Wu, S., Li, X., … Yang, C. (2023), BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, 382. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2023.129179
Cupric ions inducing dynamic hormesis in duckweed systems for swine wastewater treatment: Quantification, modelling and mechanisms
Li, C., Lin, Y., Li, X., Cheng, J. J., & Yang, C. (2023), SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 866. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.161411
Stress of cupric ion and oxytetracycline in Chlorella vulgaris cultured in swine wastewater
Luo, Y., Li, X., Lin, Y., Wu, S., Cheng, J. J., & Yang, C. (2023), SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 895. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.165120
Lower, L., Cunniffe, J., Cheng, J. J., & Sagues, W. J. (2022), JOURNAL OF THE ASABE, 65(4), 849–864. https://doi.org/10.13031/ja.14908
Effects of Sulfamethazine and Cupric Ion on Treatment of Anaerobically Digested Swine Wastewater with Growing Duckweed
Xiao, Y., Yang, C., & Cheng, J. J. (2022), INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 19(4). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19041949
Efficient degradation of tetracycline by singlet oxygen-dominated peroxymonosulfate activation with magnetic nitrogen-doped porous carbon
Wu, S., Yang, C., Lin, Y., & Cheng, J. J. (2022), JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, 115, 330–340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2021.08.002
Genome-centric metagenomics provides new insights into the microbial community and metabolic potential of landfill leachate microbiota
Deng, C., Zhao, R., Qiu, Z., Li, B., Zhang, T., Guo, F., … Yu, K. (2022), SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 816. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.151635
Mechanism study on the regulation of metabolite flux for producing promising bioactive substances in microalgae Desmodesmus sp.YT through salinity stress
Li, S., Chen, X., Wong, M. H., Chen, H., Tao, L., Liufu, G., … Yang, X. (2022), ALGAL RESEARCH-BIOMASS BIOFUELS AND BIOPRODUCTS, 64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.algal.2022.102721

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Electrifying Animal & Fish Feed: Leveraging Microbes in Food Waste Anaerobic Digesters to Produce Single Cell Protein via Assimilation of CO2-Derived Formic Acid
NC Biotechnology Center(1/03/22 - 1/02/23)
Enzyme Enhanced Anaerobic Digestion (2E-AD) of Source Separated Organics and Municipal Solid Waste
Novozymes(10/11/21 - 2/28/23)
Optimization of Lemnaceae-Based Biogas Production
NC Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services(1/01/21 - 6/30/23)
Aquatic Biodegradability of Non-woven disposable structures
NCSU Nonwovens Institute(1/01/19 - 8/15/22)
Pilot-scale Continuous Flow Microwave Pre-treatment of Switchgrass and Bermudagrass
Biofuels Center of North Carolina(6/27/11 - 12/31/12)
Genetically Engineered Switchgrass for Ethanol Production
Agrivida(8/01/08 - 7/31/10)
Growing duckweed on swine wastewater for ethanol production
Biofuels Center of North Carolina(6/25/08 - 6/30/10)
Effective strategies for biogas and nutrient management resulting from anaerobic digestion in covered swine lagoons
US Dept. of Agriculture (USDA)(9/01/08 - 6/30/12)
Conversion of Coastal Bermuda Grass into Bioethanol
NC Biotechnology Center(5/01/07 - 4/30/10)
Assigning Costs to Nutrient Reduction For Crop Agriculture, Animal Agriculture, and Urban Stormwater Management Practices
Neuse River Compliance Association, Inc.(9/01/06 - 12/31/07)