Francois Birgand

Associate Professor


Ph.D. 2000

Biological and Agricultural Engineering

North Carolina State University

B.S., M.S. 1994

Agronomic Engineering

Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Rennes, France

Research Description

Biogeochemical processes for ecologically engineered and natural systems; Impacts of land use changes on hydrology and water quality at the watershed scale; Wetland and stream monitoring, restoration and modeling; Continuous sensor development and metrology; UV-vis spectrometry for continuous water quality measurements; Image-based sensors; Evaluation of nutrient load uncertainties at the watershed scale.

Honors and Awards

  • University Faculty Scholar, 2018
  • NC State Kenneth R. Keller Research Award for graduate excellence, 2000


A small-volume multiplexed pumping system for automated, high-frequency water chemistry measurements in volume-limited applications
Maxwell, B. M., Birgand, F., Smith, B., & Aveni-Deforge, K. (2018), HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 22(11), 5615–5628.
Contrasting suspended sediment export in two small agricultural catchments: Cross-influence of hydrological behaviour and landscape degradation or stream bank management
Vongvixay, A., Grimaldi, C., Dupas, R., Fovet, O., Birgand, F., Gilliet, N., & Gascuel-Odoux, C. (2018), Land Degradation & Development, 29(5), 1385–1396.
Stream response to an extreme drought-induced defoliation event
Addy, K., Gold, A. J., Loffredo, J. A., Schroth, A. W., Inamdar, S. P., Bowden, W. B., … Birgand, F. (2018), BIOGEOCHEMISTRY, 140(2), 199–215.
Calibration of paired watersheds: Utility of moving sums in presence of externalities
Ssegane, H., Amatya, D. M., Muwamba, A., Chescheir, G. M., Appelboom, T., Tollner, E. W., … Skaggs, R. W. (2017), Hydrological Processes, 31(20), 3458–3471.
Comparison of four nitrate removal kinetic models in two distinct wetland restoration mesocosm systems
Messer, T. L., Burchell, M. R., & Birgand, F. (2017), Water, 9(7).
Comparison of four nitrate removal kinetic models in two distinct wetland restoration mesocosm systems (vol 9, 517, 2017)
Messer, T. L., Burchell, M. R., & Birgand, F. (2017),
High-frequency dissolved organic carbon and nitrate measurements reveal differences in storm hysteresis and loading in relation to land cover and seasonality
Vaughan, M. C. H., Bowden, W. B., Shanley, J. B., Vermilyea, A., Sleeper, R., Gold, A. J., … Schroth, A. W. (2017), Water Resources Research, 53(7), 5345–5363.
Nitrate removal potential of restored wetlands loaded with agricultural drainage water: A mesocosm scale experimental approach
Messer, T. L., Burchell, M. R., Birgand, F., Broome, S. W., & Chescheir, G. (2017), Ecological Engineering, 106, 541–554.
Water quality effects of switchgrass intercropping on pine forest in Coastal North Carolina
Muwamba, A., Amatya, D. M., Chescheir, G. M., Nettles, J. E., Appelboom, T., Ssegane, H., … Tian, S. (2017), Transactions of the ASABE, 60(5), 1607–1620.
First report of a novel multiplexer pumping system coupled to a water quality probe to collect high temporal frequency in situ water chemistry measurements at multiple sites
Birgand, F., Aveni-Deforge, K., Smith, B., Maxwell, B., Horstman, M., Gerling, A. B., & Carey, C. C. (2016), Limnology and Oceanography-Methods, 14(12), 767–783.

View all publications via NC State Libraries

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Improving performance and examining expansion of constructed wetlands for tertiary treatment of nitrogen from domestic and municipal wastewater
NCSU Water Resources Research Institute(6/01/18 - 5/29/19)
Collaborative Research: Consequences of Changing Oxygen Availability for Carbon Cycling in Freshwater Ecosystems
National Science Foundation (NSF)(9/01/18 - 8/31/22)
Continuing Intensive Monitoring of Nutrient and Material Load in Claridge Nursery Stream “The Canal”: assessing the water quality impacts & benefits of a stream restoration in the coastal plain
NC Department of Transportation(8/01/16 - 7/31/19)
Quantifying Treatment Potential of Floating Treatment Wetlands to Benefit North Carolina Waters Using Improved Methodology and Novel Technology
NCSU Water Resources Research Institute(4/01/16 - 8/31/18)
Arsenic Treatment of Contaminated Water Using Surface-Functionalized Fabrics
NCSU Center for Human Health and the Environment(7/01/16 - 6/30/17)
Using Smart Control and Real-Time Data Collection to Improve SCM Design and Performance
NC Clean Water Management Trust Fund(10/04/16 - 7/31/20)
Transforming Denitrifying Bioreactor Research and Applications: Unveiling the Inside of the Blackbox
US Dept. of Agriculture (USDA) - National Institute of Food and Agriculture(6/15/16 - 6/14/19)
Intensive Monitoring of Nutrient and Material Load in Claridge Nursery Stream ?The Canal? Pre-,During and Post Construction of Highway 70 Bypass in Wayne County, NC
NC Department of Transportation(5/16/13 - 6/30/16)
A Mesocosm Study to Determine Nitrogen Assimilation Capacity of a Restored Wetland Slated to Receive Pumped Drainage Water - a Critical Component to Maximize Improvement to the Pamlico Sound
NCSU Water Resources Research Institute(3/01/13 - 2/26/16)
Predicting Water Quality Impacts of Rerouting Drainage Water From the Pamlico Sound to Restored Wetlands
NCSU Sea Grant Program(9/01/12 - 8/31/14)