Francois Birgand

Assistant Professor


Ph.D. 2000

Biological and Agricultural Engineering

North Carolina State University

B.S., M.S. 1994

Agronomic Engineering

Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Rennes, France

Research Description

Biogeochemical processes for ecologically engineered and natural systems; Impacts of land use changes on hydrology and water quality at the watershed scale; Wetland and stream monitoring, restoration and modeling; Continuous sensor development and metrology; UV-vis spectrometry for continuous water quality measurements; Image-based sensors; Evaluation of nutrient load uncertainties at the watershed scale.

Honors and Awards

  • NC State Kenneth R. Keller Research Award for graduate excellence, 2000


First report of a novel multiplexer pumping system coupled to a water quality probe to collect high temporal frequency in situ water chemistry measurements at multiple sites
Birgand, F., Aveni-Deforge, K., Smith, B., Maxwell, B., Horstman, M., Gerling, A. B., & Carey, C. C. (2016), Limnology and oceanography-methods, 14(12), 767-783.
Greenhouse gas emissions from a created brackish marsh in eastern North Carolina
Shiau, Y. J., Burchell, M., Krauss, K., Birgand, F., & Broome, S. (2016), Wetlands (Wilmington, N.C.), 36(6), 1009-1024.
In-situ falling-head test for hydraulic conductivity: Evaluation in layered sediments of an analysis derived for homogenous sediments
Burnette, M. C., Genereux, D. P., & Birgand, F. (2016), Journal of Hydrology, 539, 319-329.
Quantifying the fate of agricultural nitrogen in an unconfined aquifer: Stream-based observations at three measurement scales
Gilmore, T. E., Genereux, D. P., Solomon, D. K., Solder, J. E., Kimball, B. A., Mitasova, H., & Birgand, F. (2016), Water Resources Research, 52(3), 1961-1983.
Effects of site preparation for pine forest/switchgrass intercropping on water quality
Muwamba, A., Amatya, D. M., Ssegane, H., Chescheir, G. M., Appelboom, T., Tollner, E. W., Nettles, J. E., Youssef, M. A., Birgand, F., Skaggs, R. W., & Tian, S. (2015), Journal of Environmental Quality, 44(4), 1263-1272.
Seasonal variation in the quality of dissolved and particulate organic matter exchanged between a salt marsh and its adjacent estuary
Osburn, C. L., Mikan, M. P., Etheridge, J. R., Burchell, M. R., & Birgand, F. (2015), Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 120(7), 1430-1449.
Quantifying nutrient and suspended solids fluxes in a constructed tidal marsh following rainfall: The value of capturing the rapid changes in flow and concentrations
Etheridge, J. R., Birgand, F., & Burchell, M. R. (2015), Ecological Engineering, 78, 41-52.
Amending irrigation channels with jute-mesh structures to decrease arsenic loading to rice fields in Bangladesh
Polizzotto, M. L., Birgand, F., Badruzzaman, A. B. M., & Ali, M. A. (2015), Ecological Engineering, 74, 101-106.
Technical note: Alternative in-stream denitrification equation for the INCA-N model
Etheridge, J. R., Birgand, F., Burchell, M. R., Lepisto, A., Rankinen, K., & Granlund, K. (2014), Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18(4), 1467-1473.
Using in situ ultraviolet-visual spectroscopy to measure nitrogen, carbon, phosphorus, and suspended solids concentrations at a high frequency in a brackish tidal marsh
Etheridge, J. R., Birgand, F., Osborne, J. A., Osburn, C. L., Burchell, M. R., & Irving, J. (2014), Limnology and oceanography-methods, 12, 10-22.

View all publications via NC State Libraries

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Continuing Intensive Monitoring of Nutrient and Material Load in Claridge Nursery Stream “The Canal”: assessing the water quality impacts & benefits of a stream restoration in the coastal plain
NC Department of Transportation(8/01/16 - 7/31/19)
Quantifying Treatment Potential of Floating Treatment Wetlands to Benefit North Carolina Waters Using Improved Methodology and Novel Technology
NCSU Water Resources Research Institute(4/01/16 - 3/31/17)
Arsenic Treatment of Contaminated Water Using Surface-Functionalized Fabrics
NCSU Center for Human Health and the Environment(7/01/16 - 6/30/17)
Transforming Denitrifying Bioreactor Research and Applications: Unveiling the Inside of the Blackbox
US Dept. of Agriculture (USDA) - National Institute of Food and Agriculture(6/15/16 - 6/14/19)
Intensive Monitoring of Nutrient and Material Load in Claridge Nursery Stream ?The Canal? Pre-,During and Post Construction of Highway 70 Bypass in Wayne County, NC
NC Department of Transportation(5/16/13 - 6/30/16)
A Mesocosm Study to Determine Nitrogen Assimilation Capacity of a Restored Wetland Slated to Receive Pumped Drainage Water - a Critical Component to Maximize Improvement to the Pamlico Sound
NCSU Water Resources Research Institute(3/01/13 - 2/26/16)
Predicting Water Quality Impacts of Rerouting Drainage Water From the Pamlico Sound to Restored Wetlands
NCSU Sea Grant Program(9/01/12 - 8/31/14)
Effects of Biofuel Planting, Growth, and Harvesting on the Hydrology and Water Quality of Pine Plantations
Weyerhaeuser NR Company (subsidiary of Weyerhaeuser)(4/19/12 - 12/31/15)
Carbon Sequestration and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Restored Salt Marshes
US Geological Survey (USGS)(8/01/11 - 1/31/14)
Design and Implementation of an Innovative Integrated Water management system in Hyde County, NC: Phase I
NC Clean Water Management Trust Fund(2/01/11 - 4/01/17)