François Birgand



Ph.D. 2000

Biological and Agricultural Engineering

North Carolina State University

B.S., M.S. 1994

Agronomic Engineering

Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Rennes, France

Research Description

Biogeochemical processes for ecologically engineered and natural systems; Impacts of land use changes on hydrology and water quality at the watershed scale; Wetland and stream monitoring, restoration and modeling; Continuous sensor development and metrology; UV-vis spectrometry for continuous water quality measurements; Image-based sensors; Evaluation of nutrient load uncertainties at the watershed scale.

Honors and Awards

  • University Faculty Scholar, 2018
  • NC State Kenneth R. Keller Research Award for graduate excellence, 2000


Floating treatment wetland retrofit in a stormwater wet pond provides limited water quality improvements
Maxwell, B., Winter, D., & Birgand, F. (2020), ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING, 149.
High-frequency, in situ sampling of field woodchip bioreactors reveals sources of sampling error and hydraulic inefficiencies
Maxwell, B. M., Birgand, F., Schipper, L. A., Barkle, G., Rivas, A. A., Helmers, M. J., & Christianson, L. E. (2020), JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 272.
Processes and mechanisms controlling nitrate dynamics in an artificially drained field: Insights from high-frequency water quality measurements
Liu, W., Youssef, M. A., Birgand, F. P., Chescheir, G. M., Tian, S., & Maxwell, B. M. (2020), AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT, 232.
Response of Drainage Water Quality to Fertilizer Applications on a Switchgrass Intercropped Coastal Pine Forest
Muwamba, A., Amatya, D. M., Chescheir, G. M., Nettles, J. E., Appelboom, T., Tollner, E. W., … Callahan, T. (2020), WATER, 12(5).
Response of Nutrients and Sediment to Hydrologic Variables in Switchgrass Intercropped Pine Forest Ecosystems on Poorly Drained Soil
Muwamba, A., Amatya, D. M., Ssegane, H., Chescheir, G. M., Appelboom, T., Nettles, J. E., … Birgand, F. (2020), WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION, 231(9).
Temperature sensitivity of nitrate removal in woodchip bioreactors increases with woodchip age and following drying-rewetting cycles
Maxwell, B. M., Diaz-Garcia, C., Jose Martinez-Sanchez, J., Birgand, F., & Alvarez-Rogel, J. (2020), ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE-WATER RESEARCH & TECHNOLOGY, 6(10), 2752–2765.
Carbon storage potential in a recently created brackish marsh in eastern North Carolina, USA
Shiau, Y.-J., Burchell, M. R., Krauss, K. W., Broome, S. W., & Birgand, F. (2019), Ecological Engineering, 127, 579–588.
Contrasting behavior of nitrate and phosphate flux from high flow events on small agricultural and urban watersheds
Frazar, S., Gold, A. J., Addy, K., Moatar, F., Birgand, F., Schroth, A. W., … Pradhanang, S. M. (2019), Biogeochemistry, 145(1-2), 141–160.
Diel fluctuations of high level nitrate and dissolved organic carbon concentrations in constructed wetland mesocosms
Messer, T. L., Birgand, F., & Burchell, M. R. (2019), Ecological Engineering, 133, 76–87.
Drying–Rewetting Cycles Affect Nitrate Removal Rates in Woodchip Bioreactors
Maxwell, B. M., Birgand, F., Schipper, L. A., Christianson, L. E., Tian, S., Helmers, M. J., … Youssef, M. A. (2019), Journal of Environment Quality, 48(1), 93.

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Hydrological Effects of a Eucalyptus Plantation in Uruguay
Colonvade(6/01/19 - 12/31/21)
Building a Smarter Pheromone Trap Network: Development of a Real-time, Infrared Sensor for Corn Earworm Pheromone Traps
NC Soybean Producers Association, Inc.(2/01/19 - 1/31/21)
Improving performance and examining expansion of constructed wetlands for tertiary treatment of nitrogen from domestic and municipal wastewater
NCSU Water Resources Research Institute(6/01/18 - 12/31/20)
Collaborative Research: Consequences of Changing Oxygen Availability for Carbon Cycling in Freshwater Ecosystems
National Science Foundation (NSF)(9/01/18 - 8/31/22)
Continuing Intensive Monitoring of Nutrient and Material Load in Claridge Nursery Stream “The Canal”: assessing the water quality impacts & benefits of a stream restoration in the coastal plain
NC Department of Transportation(8/01/16 - 10/31/20)
Quantifying Treatment Potential of Floating Treatment Wetlands to Benefit North Carolina Waters Using Improved Methodology and Novel Technology
NCSU Water Resources Research Institute(4/01/16 - 8/31/18)
Arsenic Treatment of Contaminated Water Using Surface-Functionalized Fabrics
NCSU Center for Human Health and the Environment(7/01/16 - 6/30/17)
Using Smart Control and Real-Time Data Collection to Improve SCM Design and Performance
NC Clean Water Management Trust Fund(10/04/16 - 11/30/20)
Transforming Denitrifying Bioreactor Research and Applications: Unveiling the Inside of the Blackbox
US Dept. of Agriculture (USDA) - National Institute of Food and Agriculture(6/15/16 - 12/14/20)
Intensive Monitoring of Nutrient and Material Load in Claridge Nursery Stream ?The Canal? Pre-,During and Post Construction of Highway 70 Bypass in Wayne County, NC
NC Department of Transportation(5/16/13 - 6/30/16)