William F. Hunt III, Ph.D., PE
Biological and Agricultural Engineering
Urban Stormwater Management
208 D. S. Weaver Labs
Box 7625, NCSU
Raleigh, NC 27695-7625
Voice: (919) 515-6751
Fax: (919) 515-6772
- BMP Images
- BAE 575
- E 101
- BAE 495K
- Bioretention Field Studies
- Permeable Pavement
- Green Roof Field Studies
- Stormwater Wetlands
- BMP Maintenance & Inspection Standards
- Stormwater & Mosquito Control
- Thermal Impacts of BMPs
- Rain Water Harvesting
- BMP Cost Effectiveness
Dr. Hunt is an Associate Professor and Extension Specialist in North Carolina State University's Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering department. Hunt holds degrees in Civil Engineering (NCSU, B.S., 1994), Economics (NCSU, B.S., 1995), Biological & Agricultural Engineering (NCSU, M.S., 1997) and Agricultural & Biological Engineering, (Penn State, Ph.D., 2003). Dr. Hunt is a registered PE in North Carolina.
Since 2000, Hunt has assisted with the design, installation, and/or monitoring of over 90 stormwater best management practices (BMPs), including bioretention, stormwater wetlands, innovative wet ponds, green roofs, permeable pavement, water harvesting/cistern systems and level spreaders. He teaches 20-25 short courses and workshops each year on stormwater BMP design and function throughout NC and the US.
Hunt is an active member of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE), serving as NC Section President and as Past-Chair of the National ASABE Extension Committee. He is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), where he serves on the Urban Water Resources Research Council, the LID committee, and is co-chair of the Bioretention Task Committee. He was chair of the 2nd National LID Conference held in Wilmington, NC, in March 2007. Locally, he is a member of the Neuse Education Team, NC Watershed Education Network and the NC Association of Extension Specialists.
He is an avid Wolfpack sports fan and enjoys
traveling, spending time with friends and family, stormwater
management, and wearing a diverse variety of sweater vests. He is the
proud father of 2 boys (Bill and Joseph) and is lucky to be married to
Julia Claire Hunt.
575 - Urban Stormwater BMP Design
The 15-week semester course will be offered in Spring 2009. It covers the design of various structural stormwater BMPs including stormwater wetlands, innovative wet ponds, bioretention, rain gardens, level spreaders, green roofs, cisterns/ water harvesting systems, permeable pavement, and Low Impact Development.
BAE 575 is scheduled for on Mondays, 2:35 to 5:00
during NCSU's Spring
The Jeter Classroom in NCSU's Butler Bldg will be the lead site. Campus map of NCSU. Butler is located off Faucette Drive, an access road paralleling Western Blvd.
To register as a Distance Learning Class, please
Distance learning in Spring 09 semester is via DVD's. DVD's will be
mailed to distance ed students the day following the lecture. Homework
assignment due dates vary accordingly.
If you are interested in taking this class via DVD, please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
BAE 495 K - Introduction to Ecological Engineering
Instructed in Spring 2009 Semester. Drs. Burchell, Birgand, Hunt, and Jennnings teach a 2.0 credit hour class on Ecological Engineering processes and applications. The class will be offered in 2-hour blocks on Thursdays during the semester. Class focus areas are stream restoration, biological stormwater management, and wetland restoration.
E 101 - Introduction to Engineering and Problem Solving
Taught in the Fall 2008 Semester. Dr. Hunt teaches on
002: 10:15 to 12:05 and Section 003: 12:25 to 2:15). Both classes are
held in Daniels 341. Most handouts are found on the above link to the
course, but sections 002 and 003 specific handouts will be posted below:
Sections 001 & 002 Syllabus (posted 8/27/08)
Sections 002 & 003 Reading List + Schedule (posted 9/8/08)
Week #2 - Introduction to E101 Lecture (posted 8/27/08)
Week #4 - What is Engineering? Lecture (posted 9/8/08)
Week #5 - On-campus Resources & Estimation Lecture (posted 9/15/08)
Week #6 - Public Speaking Lecture (posted 9/23/08)
Week #6 - "Good" Lecture on Water Harvesting/Cisterns (posted 9/23/08)
Week #9 - Team Presentations (posted 10/13/08)
Week #11 - Teamwork and Problem Solving (presented 10/27/08)
Week #13 - Ethics (presented 11/10/08)
Week #13 - "Engineering" by Herbert Hoover (posted 11/10/08)
Available Documents are located Below.
Please see the following website for additional downloads: www.bae.ncsu.edu/stormwater
EXCEL: Rain Garden & Rain Barrels - Measures of Progress/Impact Indicator Tool
Stormwater BMP Academy
EXCEL: Bioretention Design Spreadsheet
Please see the following website for a complete list of workshops: www.bae.ncsu.edu/stormwater/training.htmBAE & NC Cooperative Extension conduct the Stormwater BMP Inspection and Maintenance Certification Program. More information on that program is found here:
Upcoming Conferences of Interest
ASCE-EWRI World Environmental & Water Resources Congress
Kansas City, MO - May 2009
These courses offer Professional Development Hours to PE's and PLS's for a small fee. The general public is welcome to review the material free of charge.
Urban Waterways Series: Stormwater BMP Placement & Design
Pavement Research Update & Design Implications (2008)
Harvesting: Guidance for Homeowners (2008)
Wetland Design Update (2007)
Design for Cold Water Applications (2007)
Spreader Design, Construction, and Maintenance (2006)
a Pump for a Water Harvesting System
- Stormwater Wetland and Wet Pond Maintenance (2006)
- Permeable Pavement, Green Roofs & Cisterns: BMPs for LID (2006)
- Bioretention Performance, Design & Construction Update (2006)
- Mosquito Control for Stormwater BMP Designers and Managers (2005)
Rain Garden Design (2001)
Stormwater Wetlands for Small Watersheds (2000)
- Urban Stormwater Structural BMPs (1999)
Future Urban Waterways Series Extension Bulletins (to be winter 2008/2009)
- Using Harvested Rooftop Runoff for Irrigation
- Incorporating Internal Water Storage in Bioretention
- Pathogenic Bacteria Treatment Considerations for
Research Updates: NCSU Water Quality Group NWQEP Notes
Impacts of BMP Design in Cold Water Environments (2007)
- Permeable Pavement Research: Water Quality, Water Quantity, and Clogging (2005)
- Greenroof Research of Stormwater Runoff and Quality in North Carolina (2004)
- Bioretention Use and Research in North Carolina and other Mid-Atlantic States (2003)
- Permeable Pavement Use and Research at Alice Hannibal Parking Lot, Kinston, NC (2001)
A Bioretention research site: www.bae.ncsu.edu/topic/bioretention
provides a more detailed overview of these research projects.
The following are NCSU field research sites and what aspects are being examined at each.
1. Greensboro, NC: Drainage Configuration (N species), Soil Media Composition, Hydrology (2002-2004). Funded by NC Water Quality Workgroup.
2. Chapel Hill, NC: Soil Media Depth (2002-2003). Funded by NC Water Quality Workgroup
3. Louisburg, NC: Soil media (low P-Index) and Hydrology (differentiation of water loss by ET, exfiltration, overflow and underdrain outflow) (2004-2006). Funded by NC DENR - 319(h)
4. Charlotte, NC: Soil Media, Fecal Coliform & E-Coli Removal, Hydrology (2004- 2007). Funded by City of Charlotte.
5. Graham, NC: Pollutant removal and hydrologic performance with grass covering and a low P-index, high CEC (over 20) designer soil. (2005-2007). Funded by Piedmont Triad COG
6. Rocky Mount, NC: Pollutant removal and hydrologic performance with two different vegetative covers (grass v. tree/shrub/mulch combination) (2006-present). Funded by NC DENR - 319(h) and CICEET.
7. New River Marine Corps Air Station, NC: Pollutant removal and hydrologic performance in Coastal Plain Soils (2005-2007). Funded by USMC.
8. Wilmington, NC: Coastal Plain Performance (Hydrology & Water Quality). Funded by NC DENR- 319(h) and CICEET. (2007-present)
9. Brevard and Asheville, NC: Thermal Impacts of Bioretention (discussed later)
10. Nashville, NC: Upper Coastal Plain performance of Bioretention. Funded by NC DENR - 319(h) (2007-present)
11. Raleigh & Nashville, NC: Bioretention Construction Methodologies and Impacts on Infiltration. Funded by CICEET. (2008)
A paper detailing findings from study sites #1 and 2 has been published by ASCE's Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering:
Hunt,WF, AR Jarrett, JT Smith, LJ Sharkery. 2006. Evaluating Bioretention Hydrology and Nutrient Removal at Three Field Sites in North Carolina. J. Irr Drain Eng. 132(6):600-608.
A paper discussing findings from study site #4 is to be published in the Journal of Environmental Engineering:
Hunt, W. F., J.T. Smith, S.J. Jadlocki, J.M. Hathaway, P.R. Eubanks. 2008. Pollutant Removal and Peak Flow Mitigation by a Bioretention Cell in Urban Charlotte, NC.ASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering, 134(5):403-408.
A paper regarding study sites #1 and 3 is in press with the Journal of Hydrologic Engineering and is expected to be published in Winter/Spring 2009:
Li, H., L.J. Sharkey, W.F. Hunt, and A.P. Davis. Mitigation of Impervious Surface Hydrology using Bioretention in North Carolina and Maryland. ASCE Journal of Hydrologic Engineering (in press).
A paper regarding site #5 has been accepted by the Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering:
Passeport, E., W.F. Hunt, D.E. Line, R.A. Smith, and R.A. Brown. Field Study of the Ability of Two Grassed Bioretention Cells to Reduce Stormwater Runoff Pollution. ASCE Journal of Irrigation and Drainage (accepted)
A journal article on the sites mentioned in #9 has been accepted by the Journal of Environmental Engineering and is expected to be published in Spring 2009:
Jones, M.P. and W.F. Hunt. Bioretention Impact on Runoff Temperature in Trout Sensitive Waters. ASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering (accepted).
Detailed information can be found in the following three theses:
Pollutant Removal Evaluation and Hydraulic Characterization for Bioretention Stormwater Treatment Devices
(PhD Dissertation by W.F Hunt, Pennsylvania State University, 2003)
Bioretention Hydrologic and Water Quality Performance at Two Sites in North Carolina
(MS Thesis by L.J. Sharkey, North Carolina State University, 2006)
Asphalt parking lot runoff nutrient quality: characterization and pollutant removal by bioretention cells
(MS Thesis by E. Passeport, University of Pierre and Marie Curie, 2007)
NC State University has joined the University of
Maryland- College Park and Villanova University to found the Low
Impact Development - Mid-Atlantic Research Consortium. Through this
consortium a journal article has been submitted to the Journal of
Environmental Engineering and a public interest article has been
printed in Stormwater Magazine on Bioretention/
Backyard Rain Garden Project
During the summer of 2005, over 30 rain gardens were constructed in 8 counties of NC. A descriptive website has been created highlighted work accomplished and providing technical information on how to build, plant, and maintain a rain garden.
Please visit the following web page for a more thorough examination of our Permeable Pavement work: http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/topic/permeable-pavement
The following are NCSU BAE field research sites/ studies and what aspects were examined at each:
1. Kinston, NC: Concrete Grid Paver runoff reduction (1999-2001)
2. Wilmington, NC: Pervious Concrete runoff reduction (2001-2003)
3. Swansboro, NC: Permeable Interlocking Concrete Paver (PICP) runoff reduction and exfiltrate quality. (2004)
4. Goldsboro, NC: PICP runoff and exfiltrate quality (N species, P species, select metals). (2003-2004)
5. Cary, NC: PICP runoff reduction and exfiltrate quality over clay soils. (2004- 2006).
6. Kinston, NC: Pervious Concrete, Concrete Grid Pavers, and PICP (2 types) water quality and runoff reduction comparison. (2005-present)
7. Various Locales in NC, VA, MD, and DE: Surface Clogging (surface infiltration rate) study. PICP, Pervious concrete, pervious asphalt, and concrete grid pavers all examined (2003-2004).
Study sites # 1, 2, 3, and 4 are highlighted in this Journal Article:
Bean EZ, Hunt WF, Bidelspach DA. 2007. Evaluation of Four Permeable Pavement Sites in Eastern North Carolina for Runoff Reduction and Water Quality Impacts. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. Vol. 133. No. 6, Pg. 583-592.
Study # 7 is discussed in this Journal Article:
Bean, EZ, Hunt WF, Bidelspach DA. 2007. A Field Survey of Permeable Pavement Surface Infiltration Rates. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. Vol. 133, No. 3, Pg. 249-255.
Site #6 is discussed in the this journal article:
Collins KA, Hunt WF, Hathaway JM. 2008. Hydrologic Comparision of Four Types of Permeable Pavement and Standard Asphalt in Eastern North Carolina. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 13(12): 1146-1157.
- Study site #1 is summarized in the following NWQEP Notes Article (2001)
- Study sites #3, 4, 5, and 7 are discussed in detail in the
A Field Study to Evaluate Permeable Pavement Surface Infiltration Rates, Runoff Quantity, Runoff Quality, and Exfiltrate QualityÂ (E.Z. Bean, North Carolina State University, 2005).
- The above studies are also summarized in the following NWQEP Notes Article.
- Study site #6 is discussed in detail in the following thesis:
A field evaluation of four types of permeable pavement with respect to water quality improvement and flood control. (K.A. Collins, NC State University, 2007)
Stormwater Wetlands/ Innovative Wet Ponds
The following are NCSU BAE field research sites/ studies and what aspects were examined at each:
1. Smithfield, NC: Nutrient Concentrations (2003-2005). Funded by NC Division of Water Resources.
2. Charlotte, NC: Water Quality and Flow mitigation - including Fecal Coliform removal (2004- 2007). Funded by the City of Charlotte.
3. Mooresville, NC: Multiple Cell stormwater wetland and impact of each cell on water quality and quantity (2005- present). Funded by Ecosystem Enhancement Program.
4. Asheville and Lenoir, NC: Thermal Impacts of Stormwater Wetlands and Wet Ponds. Funded by NC DENR (discussed later)
5. New Bern, NC. Nutrient Concentrations and Loads, Hydrology. Funded by NC EEP. (2006 - present)
6. Johnston and Sampson Counties, NC: I-40 Wetland Swales. Nutrients and Hydrology. Funded by NC DOT (2007-present)
7. Various Locations in NC: Examination of 16 forebays to determine proper sizing criteria. (2004 - 2007). Funded by WRRI Stormwater Consortium.
8. Various Locations in NC: Presence of Mosquito Larvae and Pupae in Wetlands and Wetlands. 52 facilities were examined. (discussed later). Funded by WRRI Stormwater Consortium.
Item #8 is presented in the following journal article:
Hunt, W.F., C.S. Apperson, S.G. Kennedy, B.A. Harrison, W.G. Lord. 2006. Occurrence and relative abundance of mosquitoes in stormwater retention facilities in North Carolina, USA. Water Science and Technology, Vol 52 (6-7): 315-321.
A journal article on site #1 has been submitted to Wetlands. A journal article on site #5 is in preparation for the Journal of Environmental Engineering. A journal article on site site #3 is in preparation for the Journal of Environmental Engineering.
discusses projects #1 and 5.
For a more detailed look at North Carolina green roof studies, please visit the following website: http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/greenroofs.
The following are NCSU BAE field research sites/ studies and what aspects were examined at each:
1. Goldsboro, NC: Runoff Reduction and Nutrient Load Addition/ Removal- flat roof (2003-2004)
2. Kinston, NC: Runoff Reduction and Nutrient Load Addition/Removal- 3% pitch (2003-2004)
3. Raleigh, NC (701 N. Person St): Runoff Reduction and Nutrient Load Addition/Removal- 7% pitch (2004-2005)
4. Raleigh, NC (Weaver Labs Plot Study): Media Composition and effects on Plant Growth, Water Quality, Runoff Reduction, and Evapotranspiration (2005-2007)
5. Asheville, NC: Water Quality in Cold Weather Regions (2005-2007)
Study Sites #1 and 2 are described in the following journal article:
Hathaway, A.M., W.F. Hunt, G.D. Jennings. 2008. A Field Study of Green Roof Hydrologic and Water Quality Performance. Transactions of the ASABE, 51(1): 37-43.
- Study Sites #1, 2 and 3 are detailed in the following thesis:
- A detailed examination of these two projects is found in the following thesis: A North Carolina Field Study to Evaluate Greenroof Runoff Quantity, Runoff Quality, and Plant Growth (M.S. Thesis by A.C. Moran (now A.M. Hathaway), 2004, North Carolina State University)
- A summary of this research is also found in the following NWQEP Notes Article (from Summer 2004).
For more detailed information on this research,
please visit the following website: http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/topic/bmp-temperature.
Three practices' impact on thermal pollution in trout
sensitive waters of Western NC: wet ponds, bioretention, and stormwater
wetlands. Which BMP works best at thermal mitigation and various design
recommendations will be determined by the research.The following are
NCSU BAE field research sites and what practices were examined at each:
1. Asheville, NC: 1 Stormwater Wetland and 1 Bioretention Cell
2. Brevard, NC: 2 Bioretention Cells
3. Lenoir, NC: 1 Wet Pond and 1 Bioretention Cell
This grant is funded by NC DENR - Division of Water Quality and began in Summer 2005. The study will be completed in December 2008. As part of the grant, a bioretention model that evaluates design impacts on thermal loads will be produced.
The bioretention cells associated with sites #1, 2, and 3 above has been accepted by the Journal of Environmental Engineering:
Jones, M.P. and W.F. Hunt. 2009. Bioretention impact on Runoff Temperature in Trout Sensitive Waters. Journal of Environmental Engineering (accepted).
The stormwater wetland (site #1) and wet pond (site #2) are discussed in a journal article that is being submitted to the Journal of Environmental Engineering.
Three research projects for level spreaders have been or are being conducted:
1. A grant funded by NC DENR was used to examine 24 level spreaders in Piedmont NC in winter of 2005/2006. The level spreaders did not produce diffuse flow. These results have been used to amend the State of North Carolina's Level Spreader Design Guidance (NC DENR link here).
2. The long-term hydrologic and water quality performance of a level spreader grassed filter strip in Charlotte was evaluated (funded by the City of Charlotte). (2005-2007)
3. Level Spreader pair in Louisburg, NC. (water quality and quantity with two buffer widths (25' grass and 50' grass + wood). Funded by NC DENR - 319(h) (2007- present)
4. Level Spreader pair in Apex, NC. (water quality and quantity with two buffer widths (25' grass and 50' grass + wood). Funded by NC DENR - 319(h) (2007 - present)
Study #1 is described in:
Hathaway, J.M. and W.F. Hunt. 2008. Field Evaluation of Level Spreaders in the Piedmont of North Carolina. ASCE Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 134(4): 538-542.
Study #2 has been submitted to the Journal of Hydrologic Engineering.
As water supply issues come to the fore, NC Cooperative Extension and NCSU BAE are examining the feasibility of using cisterns for rainwater harvesting and water supply. For more detailed information on this research, please visit the following website:
http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/topic/waterharvesting. Included on this website is a cistern design model for public use.
The following are NCSU BAE field research sites and
what each's intended use is:
1. New Bern, NC: 3000 gallon tank used for irrigation at the Craven County Ag Services Bldg
2. Kinston, NC: 5000 gallon tank used for vehicle washing at the City of Kinston Municipal Services Center
3. Raleigh, NC: 1500 gallon tank used for Toilet Flushing at the NC Museum of Natural Sciences
4. Holden Beach, NC: Converted 1500 gallon septic tank for Irrigation
5. Greenville, NC: 2000 gallon tank used for lawn and arboretum irrigation and the Pitt County Ag Services Bldg.
6. Fayetteville, NC. 15,000 gallon underground tank used to irrigate horticultural plants at Fayetteville Technical Community College.
7. Boone, NC. 3,000 gallon tank used to supply street sweeping and winter brine water for the Town of Boone.
Mosquitoes and Stormwater BMPs
A grant funded by the Urban Stormwater Consortium of the N.C. WRRI. NCSU staff are sampling 52 ponds and wetlands across NC for presence and relative quantity of mosquitoes. The project was completed in January, 2005. Dr. Charles Apperson of NCSU Entomology Department was the co-PI. In short, most facilities did not have a mosquito problem. The limited number of facilities that did (12 of 52) had one of the following characteristics: wooded, covered by cattail monoculture, floating trash/debris/, and/ or algae.
Impacts of these and other research findings on wet pond and stormwater wetland design standards are found in the following Extension Bulletin by Hunt, Apperson, and Lord. A short summary of the project is available in a CALS Perspectives article.
Hunt, WF, CS Apperson, SG Kennedy, BA Harrison, WG Lord. 20006. Occurrence and relative abundance of mosquitoes in stormwater retention facilities in North Carolina, USA. Water Science and Technology. Vol.54 (6-7):315-321.
Three projects have addressed issues specific to
1. Carolina Beach Marina Stormwater Treatment. Funded by NOAA. (2005-2006)
2. Kure Beach Dune Infiltration System (DIS). Funded by NC DOT and NC WRRI (2006-present)
3. Cape Lookout Seashore Stormwater Retrofits. Funded by the National Park Service and NC Coastal Federation (2007-present)
- The Kure Beach DIS was highlighted in a CALS Perspectives article. Research conducted associated with this project will be featured in a pair of journal articles.
- For a detailed look at the Kure Beach DIS (Site #2), please see this thesis An Examination of a Dune Infiltration System's Impact on Coastal Hydrology and Bacteria Removal (T.M. Bright, NC State University, 2007)
Stormwater BMP Inspection and Maintenance
A grant funded by the Urban Stormwater Consortium of the N.C. WRRI is comprised of the following 4 objectives:
1. Develop a requirement list for inspection and maintenance for 7 stormwater BMPs including wet ponds, stormwater wetlands, bioretention areas, sand filters, green roofs, underground detention, grass swales, dry detention, and permeable pavement.
2. Determine minimum and standard inspection and maintenance frequencies for the above BMPs
3. Provide rationale fro choosing maintenance standards and frequencies.
4. Estimate costs associated with minimum and standard inspection and maintenance and estimate costs of NOT performing said tasks at a given frequency.
The final report has been submitted for review to the WRRI. It is expected to be made available in 2008.
A Stormwater BMP Inspection and Maintenance
Certification Program has been developed as part of this research. A
direct link to the program website is found here.
Determining Urban Pollutant Loads
Work has been conducted to determine the amount of pollution generated from urban land uses.
1. A series of parking lots were examined in NC to estimate nutrient loads from parking lots and to contrast these to those reported for other transportation surfaces (2006-2007). Funded by NC DENR.
2. A 500-acre watershed (House Creek) is being monitored at 6 locations to estimate pollutant loadings from the following land uses: golf course, highway interchange, institutional (museum + park), and an agricultural setting. Funded by NC EEP and NC DOT (2006-present)
3. First flush characterization of two watersheds on the NCSU Campus. (2005-present)
One article has been written and accepted (on study #1). It's publication date is expected to be in winter/spring 2009:
Passeport, E., and W.F. Hunt. 2008. Asphalt Parking Lot Runoff Nutrient Characterization for Eight Sites in North Carolina, USA. ASCE Journal of Hydrologic Engineering (in press)
- A thesis was written documenting parking lot nutrient loads (study #1): Asphalt parking lot runoff nutrient quality: characterization and pollutant removal by bioretention cells. (Elodie Passeport,Â University of Pierre and Marie Curie, Paris, France)
- Another thesis was written on study #3: Urban Stormwater: First Flush Analysis and Treatment by an Undersized Constructed Wetland. (R.S. Tucker, NC State University)
Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of
Research includes an Economic Analysis of BMP Construction, Maintenance, and Land/Opportunity Costs.Â
Study designed to aid Watershed Administrators with BMP Selection to optimize pollutants removed per dollar spent.
Co-PI with Dr. Ada Wossink, NCSU Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
UNC WRRI Report # 2003-344
Synopsis Version: Factsheet (Wossink & Hunt)
Several Projects have been highlighted on the Watershed Education Network (WEN Project) Web Site. A sampling follows:
County Citizens' Resource Center BMPs (Dallas, NC)
Hillandale Golf Course Stormwater Wetland (Durham, NC)
Graham High School "Red Devils" Bioretention (Graham, NC)
Battleground Crossing Bioretention (Greensboro, NC)
Neuseway Nature Center Green Roof (Kinston, NC)
Caldwell County Library Bioretention Demonstration Site (Lenoir, NC)
Joyner Park Bioretention (Louisburg, NC)
Greenbriar Pond Conversion (New Bern, NC)
Umstead State Park Stormwater Wetland (Raleigh, NC)
River Bend Stormwater Demonstrations (River Bend, NC)
Imperial Center Bioretention Areas (Rocky Mount, NC)
Smithfield-Selma High School Stormwater Wetland (Smithfield, NC)
Spring Lake Government Center Stormwater Treatment (Spring Lake, NC)
Swansboro Rain Garden, Bioretention, and Permeable Lot (Swansboro, NC)
Sugarloaf Elementary School Stormwater Wetland (Taylorsville, NC)
Laney High School Stormwater Wetland (Wilmington, NC)
Eagle's Crossing Bioretention (Wilson, NC)
The 2008 members of the BAE Stormwater Team include:
Part Time Faculty &
Graduate Students (Graduation Date)
NCSU - BAE Stormwater Group
NCSU Watershed Education Network (WEN)
Low Impact Development - Mid-Atlantic Research Consortium (LID-MARC)
State of NC Stormwater Page
Neuse Stormwater Success (article by Lilly Loughner in Stormwater magazine)
NCSU Stormwater Resources
NC DENR Stormwater & General Permits Unit
State of NC Phase II Web Site
Center for Watershed Protection
Low Impact Development Center
Cheasapeake Bay Urban Stormwater Program
NC DENR Stormwater Design Manual (draft)
Stormwater Magazine Website
Updated NWS Precipitation Web Site
Bioretention & Rain Gardens
Backyard Rain Gardens (NCSU)
Build Your Own Rain Garden (UGa)
Rainwater Gardens (Maplewood, MN)
NCSU Bioretention Research
University of Maryland Research
Water Harvesting/ Cisterns
NCSU Water Harvesting Demonstration & Research
Texas A&M Water Harvesting